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Safety problems in the production of new dry cement

Date:2019-10-11 14:16     writer:cement editor     Views:

NSP cement production technology refers to suspended preheating and precalcining technology as the core, put the latest achievements of modern science and technology and industrial production is widely used in cement production process, the classical tutorial will cement cement craft process summarized as "two grinding burn", namely the limestone and clay as the main raw material, through crushing, ingredients, fine grinding raw materials, feeding in the cement rotary kiln calcining mature material, adding suitable amount of gypsum (sometimes mixed with mixed material or admixture) mill.The safety problems in the production of new dry cement are as follows
 

1. Cement machinery and equipment


The new dry cement production process involves more mechanical equipment, and has the characteristics of large and heavy, mainly conveying equipment, crusher, screw blade, coupling, hoist chain bucket, rotary kiln, mill, etc..If there is no effective protective device for transmission parts and moving parts of these equipment or the production process violates the rules and regulations, it may cause clamping, entanglement, twisting, shearing and other mechanical damage to the personnel on duty.

New dry cement production

2. Electrical equipment of cement plant


Electric power system is the main power of the new dry cement production line, and its electrical accidents mainly exist in the substation and the on-site electricity units, the substation potential accidents under certain conditions will cause such as fire, explosion, electric shock, resulting in equipment and property damage.The main causes of electric shock accidents include: personal contact with leakage equipment, accidental contact with live body, approaching high voltage in a less than safe distance, violation of operating rules for live operation and advance transmission, no lightning rod (belt) or lightning arrester (cabinet), etc.
 

3. Storage and collection facilities


In the production process of new dry cement, it is necessary to set up a circular storehouse or a storehouse to measure and store materials for batching.Powder materials, whether coal powder, raw material powder, clinker powder or cement powder, are in a fluid state and stored in a circular warehouse or silo. If personnel fall into it, personal injury or suffocation will be caused, and the material falling into it will damage the batching or feeding equipment at the bottom of the warehouse.The powder materials scattered from the collection and storage facilities are of granular shape, dense and hard, so the operators are easy to slip and fall if they step on them.

 

4. High-altitude operation of bearing facilities


In order to meet the production requirements of batching, conveying, storage, powder selection, dust collection and operation, the corresponding equipment and facilities are arranged on buildings and structures of different heights, such as kiln tail chimney, raw material storage, clinker storage and clinker homogenization storage.In the production operation, personnel inspection, operation, lifting and handling of accessories materials, replacement of materials in the warehouse, and personnel working at the height of walkways, ladders, platforms, etc. If the protective measures are not complete or damaged, personnel operation error, outdoor weather impact, may occur maintenance, inspection personnel fall accident.The accidental fall of an object from high above the ground may also pose a threat to the safety of passing employees on the ground.


New dry cement production
 

5. The noise


The equipment that cement factory produces higher noise basically has: break mill, elevator, ball mill, air compressor, ventilator and electric motor.Noise will bring health hazards to the field workers, and long-term work in a high noise environment will cause damage to the human auditory system.Working in a noisy environment, people's attention is not easy to focus, work is easy to make mistakes, not only affect the progress of work, but also easy to cause industrial accidents.
 

6..dust


In the cement production process with a series of production processes will produce large amounts of dust, the crushing, feeding, grinding, conveying, calcination, choose powder, assembly and other major producing dust, if you don't choose the right to control dust, dust collecting equipment is polluting the environment, occupational health and cause serious damage to workers, especially shale dust free SiO2 concentration is higher, comprehensive dust and should be taken to strengthen the combination of dust control of individual protection, prevention of pneumoconiosis.

By analyzing the possible safety problems in the process of the new dry cement production line, it is possible to find the parts where accidents may occur, and trace the causes of accidents according to the specific types of accidents, which can effectively reduce and prevent the occurrence of accidents.At the same time, cement production enterprises should strengthen safety management, safety alarm bell ringing, eradicate paralysis.

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