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To go to the production capacity, the "zombie enterprise"

  “The core issue of consolidating the results of the production capacity is to let the 'zombie enterprise' enter the soil for security and establish a long-term mechanism. Otherwise, once the market improves and the product price recovers, many enterprises that are 'dead and not dead' will start again. Restoring production, the market will face excessive competition and lower prices.” Wang Yiming believes that this is the most fundamental way to consolidate the current results of de-capacity. “If the zombie enterprise cannot really withdraw, its land, plant and labor cannot be replaced. It is also not conducive to the development of a virtuous cycle in the industry."......

  The report of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that China’s economy has shifted from a high-speed growth stage to a high-quality development stage. "High quality" has become one of the key words guiding China's economic development.

  In this year's government work report, it is proposed to continue to adhere to the supply-side structural reform as the main line, and work hard to "consolidate, enhance, enhance, and smooth" the eight words. More ways to adopt reforms will be to use more market-oriented and rule-of-law methods to consolidate the achievements of “three to one, one reduction and one supplement”, enhance the vitality of micro-subjects, upgrade the level of the industrial chain, smooth the national economic cycle, and promote the high-quality development of the economy.

  As a traditional industry, in the face of problems such as overcapacity, how to do a good job of structural reforms on the supply side and achieve high-quality development is a problem that the building materials industry needs to seriously consider.

  In the view of Wang Yiming, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and deputy director of the Development Research Center of the State Council, the traditional industry is in the stage of deep adjustment. To the high-quality development, it must adapt to the new technological revolution and the industrial revolution. At the same time, it is necessary to consolidate the results of the production capacity and let the "zombie enterprise" Really "into the earth for security."

  To go to the production capacity, the "zombie enterprise" must be "into the earth"

  How to consolidate the results of “three to one, one reduction and one supplement”? Wang Yiming said that in terms of capacity, “zombie enterprises” should be “into the land”.

  “In terms of destocking, the area of ​​real estate for sale has been greatly reduced, especially in first- and second-tier cities. In the future, it is necessary to establish a long-term mechanism for real estate market regulation. De-leveraging is a long-term process. It is necessary to grasp the rhythm and strength and coordinate various policies. When the timing is introduced, it is necessary to ensure smooth and orderly de-leverage, avoid systemic and regional risks, and ensure smooth operation of the economy and avoid slipping out of reasonable intervals. In terms of cost reduction, there will be more tax reductions and reductions this year. Measures. To complement the shortcomings, it is necessary to increase relevant investment, especially in the new infrastructure areas such as 5G and Industrial Internet," said Wang Yiming.

  “The core issue of consolidating the results of the production capacity is to let the 'zombie enterprise' enter the soil for security and establish a long-term mechanism. Otherwise, once the market improves and the product price recovers, many enterprises that are 'dead and not dead' will start again. Restoring production, the market will face excessive competition and lower prices.” Wang Yiming believes that this is the most fundamental way to consolidate the current results of de-capacity. “If the zombie enterprise cannot really withdraw, its land, plant and labor cannot be replaced. It is also not conducive to the development of a virtuous cycle in the industry."

  Eliminating "zombie enterprises", staff placement is a big problem. Wang Yiming emphasized to reporters that employment is the biggest livelihood. Foreign trade export enterprises, overcapacity industries, old industrial bases and resource-based regions, as well as migrant workers, low- and medium-skilled laborers and college graduates, which are greatly affected by the external environment, should be the focus of the stable employment policy.

  At the third plenary meeting of the Second Session of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, he made recommendations: First, increase employment support for key industries. For industries that are vulnerable to external shocks and de-capacity, adopt measures such as increasing subsidies for stable posts and developing public welfare jobs to ensure employment, and at the same time play the role of unemployment insurance and minimum living security. The second is to strengthen employment assistance in key areas. Increase support for old industrial bases and resource-based areas, and ease employment pressure by promoting innovation to drive employment, special skills training to guide employees to transfer jobs, and encourage new forms of development to absorb employment. The third is to strengthen employment assistance for key populations. We will stabilize the employment of migrant workers by guiding qualified migrant workers to settle down, strengthen vocational skills training, and encourage return home entrepreneurship. We will expand the enrollment scale of higher vocational colleges, create a fair employment environment, reasonably guide expectations, and improve the employment rate and quality of employment of university graduates. The fourth is to enhance the employment capacity of private enterprises. We will implement more tax reductions and reductions, further improve the business environment, enhance the confidence and vitality of private enterprises, and expand employment capacity and space.

  This year's government work report puts forward "optimizing the business environment and stimulating the vitality of market players." Wang Yiming believes that optimizing the business environment is an important prerequisite for stimulating the vitality of market players. It is necessary to create a market environment of fair competition; it is necessary to deepen the reform of "distribution management"; to conduct market supervision fairly; to reduce taxes and reduce fees on a larger scale.

  He pointed out that for traditional manufacturing industries such as building materials industry, this year has seen a major positive. “The government work report emphasizes the measures for tax reduction and fee reduction this year, including reducing the VAT rate of the traditional manufacturing industry by 3 percentage points last year by 1 percentage point, and lowering the unit payment of urban workers’ basic pension insurance to 16 %, the average electricity price of industrial and commercial enterprises has dropped by 10%, and the range is very large. It is estimated that the annual tax reduction and exemption of corporate tax and social security contributions will be nearly 2 trillion yuan. For the building materials industry, it is a major positive measure to optimize the business environment and stimulate the vitality of market players. ""

  High-quality development will bring about the transformation of “reborn”

  "To achieve the high-quality development of the manufacturing industry, the most fundamental thing is to adapt to the profound changes in the industrial transformation of the new economy." Speaking of the high-quality development of traditional industries, Wang Yiming told reporters that “the traditional industry is in a stage of deep adjustment. In terms of China's market capacity, the steel, coal, cement and other markets have reached their peak. Realizing high-quality development, currently facing On the one hand, the task is to de-capacity, on the other hand, it is to let the remaining enterprises improve their technological level, from the traditional extensive mode to the intelligent, green and digital."

  "High-quality development may bring a revolutionary change to the entire industry." Wang Yiming told reporters.

  Since the reform and opening up, China's building materials industry has achieved extraordinary development achievements: in 1978, the national cement production capacity was only 65.24 million tons. In 2018, the national cement production capacity soared to 3 billion tons; the annual production capacity of flat glass increased from 2004 million weight boxes to 770 million weights. The annual production capacity of sanitary ceramics increased from 2.28 million pieces to 280 million pieces; the number of marble sheets increased from 400,000 square meters to 350 million square meters.

  However, as far as the whole industry is concerned, although some industries and enterprises are undergoing transformation and upgrading, and they have made achievements in high-quality development, most enterprises and industries are still in the middle and low-end development state, and it is extremely urgent to adjust the industrial structure. The traditional building materials industry is facing serious problems such as excessive production capacity, declining capacity utilization rate, and absolute market demand. Stable growth has also encountered new challenges.

  Wang Yiming pointed out that for traditional industries, achieving high-quality development requires enterprises to carry out digital and intelligent transformation, and it is necessary for professionals who can adapt to new technologies and new production methods, which is precisely what many traditional industry enterprises lack.

  “In particular, China is advancing 5G commercialization. Once 5G is commercialized, there will be a revolutionary change in production methods. If traditional manufacturing companies cannot keep up with this round of technological changes, their original traditional equipment will be eliminated or even broken. Broken iron. Therefore, this is a kind of creative destruction.” Wang Yiming emphasized that “traditional industries must keep up with the pace of new economic development, increase investment in science and technology, pay attention to the cultivation of professional talents, and adapt to the trend of technological and intelligent industries. ""

  In addition, in the process of eliminating backward production capacity, how to solve corporate bank liabilities? How to deal with traditional industry-specific equipment such as cement? These problems are also the key issues that need to be solved in the high-quality development of traditional industries. In the face of these problems, Wang Yiming said: "It is still the same sentence, we must make up our minds, and the damn must let it die."

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