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20 forecast directions for solid waste treatment in 2019

  In 2019, in terms of solid waste disposal, the domestic focus was on the order of 10 major directions:
Cement kiln synergistic solid waste

  Dangerous waste dumping

  In response to the repeated incidents of dangerous waste dumping in the Yangtze River in recent years, according to the introduction, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment carried out special enforcement actions such as “Waste-off Action 2018”, and formed 150 inspection teams to station in the Yangtze River Economic Belt 11 provinces and cities, dumping dangerous wastes. Conduct a comprehensive inspection and verification. Up to now, 1,304 issues have been completed and transferred to the 11 provinces and cities of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and the rectification rate has reached 99.7%.

  Not only the Yangtze River Economic Belt, but also other parts of China are also facing problems such as insufficient disposal capacity of hazardous wastes and high disposal prices.

  China's industrial system is complete, there are many types of hazardous waste, and the disposal of solid waste is technically strong, and it is necessary to consider the compatibility of hazardous waste disposal capacity. By 2017, the national hazardous waste utilization capacity will be 75 million tons, 2.3 times that of 2012. However, due to problems such as unmatched capacity and unbalanced distribution, the shortage of hazardous waste disposal capacity is highlighted. In addition, some industries are not standardized, causing unreasonable prices.

  The next step is to formulate and implement environmental protection industry development plans, improve hazardous waste disposal capacity, and consolidate the main responsibility of local governments. Hazardous waste centralized disposal facilities should be integrated into local environmental infrastructure construction, and hazardous waste disposal should be included in the scope of central ecological environmental protection inspectors; Strengthen law enforcement supervision, provide a fair environment for enterprise development; promote scientific and technological support, and break through a number of key technical bottlenecks.

  Waste lead battery supervision

  In order to regulate the recycling of used lead-acid batteries, in recent years, the relevant departments of the state have successively introduced a variety of policy measures. Back in December 2016, the General Office of the State Council issued the “Proposal for the Implementation of the Extended Producer Responsibility System”, which was the first to implement a producer responsibility extension system for four types of products, such as lead-acid batteries. The "Program" clearly states that the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Eco-Environment are responsible for formulating and issuing management measures for the recycling of lead-acid batteries, and implementing the extended responsibility of producers, which will be completed by the end of 2019.

  In order to prevent and control the environmental risk of waste lead storage batteries, at the beginning of this year, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment and the National Development and Reform Commission and other nine departments jointly issued the "Action Plan for Pollution Prevention and Control of Waste Lead Storage Battery", jointly carried out pollution prevention and control actions for waste lead batteries, and rectified illegal collection of waste lead storage batteries. Handle environmental pollution, implement the extension system of producer responsibility, and improve the collection and treatment rate of waste lead storage batteries. By 2020, lead storage battery manufacturers will achieve a standard collection rate of waste lead storage batteries by 40% by implementing the producer responsibility extension system; by 2025, the standard collection rate of waste lead storage batteries will reach 70%; . Since then, the Ministry of Transport has jointly issued the “Pilot Work Plan for Centralized Collection and Cross-regional Transshipment System for Lead Battery Manufacturers”, and by 2020, the centralized collection and cross-regional transshipment system for lead storage batteries in the pilot areas will be initially established to effectively prevent and control lead. The environmental risk of the battery, the standard recovery rate of the waste lead storage battery in the pilot area in the pilot area reached more than 40%.

  "In order to prevent pollution of waste lead storage batteries, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will coordinate relevant departments to promote the establishment of a standardized and orderly collection and treatment system, strengthen the standardized management of the recycling lead industry, severely crack down on illegal and criminal activities involving waste lead storage batteries, and establish a long-term mechanism for pollution prevention and control. The lead battery industry is green and high quality.

  Medical waste regulation

  In recent years, in terms of medical waste management, China has continuously improved its relevant policy and system to promote the centralized disposal of medical waste. According to statistics, 333 of the 343 prefecture-level cities nationwide have centralized medical waste disposal facilities with a coverage rate of 97%. Next, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment will further promote the construction of centralized disposal capacity of medical waste, supervise the areas that have not yet been built or have insufficient capacity to dispose of, and accelerate the construction of centralized disposal facilities for medical waste. In addition, the disposal of medical waste is included in the scope of the central ecological environmental protection inspector, and the local government responsibility is compacted.

  Solid waste restricted import

  China has implemented the ban on the entry of foreign garbage, promoted the reform of the import management system for solid waste, adjusted the catalogue of imported solid waste management in batches, and drastically reduced the types and quantities of imports, targeting solid waste, not raw materials. As far as I know, countries have different definitions and management of waste according to their national conditions. China's laws have clearly defined the definition of solid waste. According to Article 88 of the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Wastes, solid waste refers to the loss of original use value in production, life and other activities. Solid, semi-solid, and gaseous substances and substances placed in containers that have been lost in use but abandoned or abandoned, and articles and substances that are incorporated into solid waste management as required by laws and administrative regulations.

  It should be said that the adjustment of China's solid waste import management policy has been widely supported and supported by the domestic people, and has gradually gained the understanding and recognition of the international community.

  “No waste city” pilot

  More than 3 billion tons of industrial solid waste, more than 50 million tons of industrial hazardous waste, 2 million tons of medical waste, and about 400 million tons of domestic waste are the targets of this new division.

  At the beginning of this year, the State Office’s Notice on Printing and Distributing the Pilot Work Plan for the Construction of “No Waste Cities” plans to select 10 cities with conditions, foundations and appropriate scales in the country, which will be evident in the key areas and key links of solid waste. progress.

  Solid waste disposal will also be supported by law. The revised draft of the "Solid Waste Law" has been reviewed by the Ministry of Justice and will be submitted to the State Council executive meeting for deliberation.

  Private enterprise development

  Private enterprises are not only an important force to fight the battle against pollution, but also an important subject of ecological environmental protection. To develop well, private enterprises must consciously abide by the laws and regulations on ecological environmental protection and take a new path of green development and high-quality development.

  Recently, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has mainly adopted tripartite measures to support the development of private enterprises:

  Deepen the reform of “distribution suits”, and introduced and implemented 15 key tasks such as further decentralization and decentralization in the ecological environment;

  In cooperation with the Federation of Industry and Commerce, it proposed to vigorously develop 18 support services such as the environmental protection industry;

  Establish an intensive supervision and assistance mechanism, and supervise and enthusiasm for enterprises in the supervision and law enforcement, and enhance service awareness.

  Heavy metal pollution prevention

  In 2018, the Opinions on Strengthening Pollution Prevention and Control in the Heavy Metals Industry was issued, further clarifying the objectives, tasks and priorities of heavy metal pollution prevention and control. 13 provinces and autonomous regions such as Inner Mongolia, Henan, and Jiangxi issued announcements to implement special emission limits for heavy metal pollutants in four cities and 63 districts and counties where mineral resources development activities are concentrated. According to preliminary statistics, since 2016, the country has shut down heavy metals. More than 1,300 industrial enterprises have implemented more than 900 heavy metal emission reduction projects.

  Chemical environmental management

  Carry out registration of new chemical substances and establish a “firewall” for source management to prevent new chemical substances with unreasonable risks from entering the Chinese economy and society;

  Conduct environmental risk assessment and control of existing chemicals, and issue the List of Priority Control Chemicals (First Batch). More than one hundred emission standards have been formulated, involving the control of hundreds of chemical substances;

  Promote the disclosure of information, formulate relevant departmental regulations, and require enterprises to publish relevant information on the use of toxic and hazardous materials and the discharge of toxic and hazardous substances, and accept the supervision of the society.

  Hazardous waste treatment, environmental protection planning

  From the national level, by strengthening the construction of hazardous waste disposal facilities, China's hazardous waste utilization capacity has been increasing year by year. By 2017, the national centralized utilization capacity of hazardous waste is 75 million tons, 2.3 times that of 2012. Next, regarding the development of the hazardous waste industry,

  Formulate and implement environmental protection industry development plans to improve the disposal capacity of hazardous wastes;

  Consolidate the main responsibility of local governments, and centralized disposal facilities for hazardous wastes should be included in the construction of local environmental infrastructure;

  Strengthen law enforcement supervision and provide a fair market environment for enterprise development;

  Promote scientific and technological support and break through a number of key technical bottlenecks.

  Solid waste pollution prevention

  Regarding the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution in solid waste chemicals, whether it is the former State Environmental Protection Agency, the State Environmental Protection Administration or the Ministry of Environmental Protection, it has been regarded as an important task.

  In 2013, the Ministry of Environmental Protection launched a comprehensive campaign to prevent and control heavy metal pollution. However, a special department is set up to take charge of the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution in solid waste chemicals, which is the first time in the history of environmental protection in China.

  In August 2018, the State Council carried out institutional reforms. In September of the same year, the Ministry of Eco-Environment announced the “Three-Development Plan”, adding the Solid Waste and Chemicals Division, responsible for the supervision and management of pollution prevention and control of solid waste, chemicals and heavy metals nationwide, and organizing the implementation of hazardous waste business licenses and export approval, solid waste. Environmental management systems such as import licenses, import and export registration of toxic chemicals, and environmental management registration of new chemical substances.

  After the establishment of the Solid Waste and Chemicals Division, the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution in solid waste chemicals was fully rolled out.

  Strengthen supervision

  Strengthening supervision work is an effective way to urge local governments to increase air pollution prevention and control, implement local responsibilities, solve outstanding problems around the masses, and improve air quality. It is also a new long-term mechanism that will be sustained. Grab the ground.

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